The agreement aims to catch up with a world where data flows do not recognize national borders. The speed at which data is transferred from one jurisdiction to another via the Internet does not correspond well to the current geocentric regulation of data. Criminal prosecutions are often linked to a patchwork of different procedures, depending on where the investigation`s interest data landed (sometimes arbitrarily). This increasingly slows down investigations and creates barriers when there are conflicts between the laws of two (or more) jurisdictions.2 The agreement also seems bilateral with the fact that most applications from the United Kingdom are made to the United States, reflecting the fact that there are many more large communications service providers that store data in the United States than the other way around. Law enforcement must also obtain authorization from the other country before using the data obtained by the agreement as evidence of certain types of prosecutions, such as the . B cases where the death penalty is imposed in the United States (which the British government refuses in all circumstances) and in cases where the United Kingdom infringes on the freedom of expression of the United States. In March 2018, Congress passed the CLOUD Act, which authorizes the United States to enter into bilateral executive agreements with partners that remove legal barriers for each party to access electronic data for certain criminal investigations. The agreement was facilitated by the Overseas Production Orders Act 2019, which won royal approval in February of this year. The agreement will enter into force after a six-month review of Congress, provided for by the CLOUD Act, and the corresponding revision by the British Parliament. Part of the purpose of these executive agreements is to enable partner states to conduct investigations within U.S. borders and remove barriers to U.S.
prosecutions abroad. Such harmonisation of efforts is also taking place in Europe: the European Commission announced in February that it was describing the process of negotiating a cross-border system of access to electronic evidence at EU level, which it described as an “e-emptince framework”. The United States announced the launch of a similar negotiation process with the European Union in September and with Australia in October. With cross-border data exchanges on the agenda in both the US and the EU, the US and the UNITED Kingdom. Agreements can therefore serve as an early model for such agreements and serve as a model for the areas that the United States prioritizes in its negotiations. The United States and the United Kingdom have entered into a pioneering agreement allowing access to electronic data for criminal investigations between its law enforcement agencies (the agreement between the United States and the United Kingdom). We look at the last part of the data-sharing puzzle between the United States and the United Kingdom. The agreement was signed with U.S. Attorney General William P Barr in Washington, D.C., where the Interior Minister also met with security partners to discuss closer cooperation between the two countries and global leadership on security. The CLOUD Act, which came into force on 23 March 2018, has two main objectives. The first part of the law, codified to 18 United States.C.