From an ethical point of view – and on the basis of the ideas of the German philosopher Nicolai Hartmann – 17 a “man” is capable of making moral judgments, although it makes it clear that these judgments do not necessarily determine its behavior. As such, free will is a decisive element of legal personality. A legal person is a legal construct created by the combination of five elements: an entity or subject of law, free will, subjective rights, duties and legal personality. Whistleblowers: Federal and state whistleblower laws protect people who report illegal practices by employers to authorities. This theory was developed by Rudolph Von Ihering,31, which represents that the law consists of two elements. The first is substantial, with a particular purpose and the use or enjoyment of something that has economic or moral value. The other is formalistic and deals only with the protection of that right.32 Society as a subject of law was also at the centre of the test adopted by the federal courts. In such a test, the federal courts discuss the nature and legal personality of the corporation and declare that “a corporation is a fictitious entity whose legal personality is expressed and exercised by its representatives; this is understandable, as their nature requires the involvement of individuals, managers or directors to represent and work on their behalf, since fictitious entities cannot work on their own behalf. Corporate Personhood is a concept that does not apply exclusively to humans, because personality cannot come from the will of individuals, because there are many that are missing. However, they remain the holders of rights and obligations. On the basis of Mexican jurisprudence, the concept of a legal person covers the following elements: People are entitled to clean air, clean water and the preservation of the natural, landscape, historical and aesthetic values of the environment.
Pennsylvania`s public natural resources are the common property of all human beings, including future generations. As an agent of these resources, the Commonwealth will conserve and preserve them for the good of all. Discrimination: This concept refers to the unequal treatment of a person for reasons that have nothing to do with legal rights or their abilities. There are federal and regional laws that prohibit discrimination in employment, housing, rates of pay, educational opportunities, citizens` rights and the use of institutions. Individuals who believe they have been discriminated against can sue the Federal Equal Opportunity Commission or its public body. In Italy, trade unions have legal personality, as is the case in Article 39, paragraph 4, of the Constitution: Id., 287. The main defender of the theory of the social organization is Otto Gierke, who says that “the collective person is not like a third party in relation to its members, it is the organic bond that connects it, which connects the rights of unity and the whole. The corporate person is probably above, but not separated from, the collective group of people who make it up;… it is a unique and collective unity. Formalist theory or theory of technical reality (Francisco Ferrara). The word “person” has three meanings for Mr.